This inventory includes resource materials about the natural and cultural history of the Marshlands. This is not an exhaustive list. Some citations may be out of print, but should be available through Inter-library loan from your local library. Also, check your library for magazines and government publications that can provide interesting pertinent information. Titles below may provide clues for additional website searches.


Marsh Stewardship
Natural History & Ecology
Other Historical Resources
Educational Materials
Visual Programs
Field trip Guide
Nature Study
Pertinent Books

Marshlands Stewardship:

Abbott Marshlands Council – Report 2015-2016 (5 yr summary)
Abbot Marshlands Stewardship Council – Annual Report 2013-2014
Council Report 2013

Cooperative Stewardship Plan – Hamilton-Trenton – Bordentown Marsh 2010

Updated maps (2011): aerial and ownership.

Hamilton / Trenton Marsh Management Plan 1999 and maps

Marsh Brochure

Current Uses of the Abbott Marshlands

Marsh Invasive Plant Species Inventory Report – 2010: Part I (text); Appendix(Maps)_Part II, Part III


Hunter, R.W. 2009. The Abbott Farm National Historic Landmark Interpretive Plan. Cultural Resource Technical Document. Prepared for Mercer County. (Pp. 2-3 to 2-9).

Lacombe, P. (ed.). 2010. Geology of the Greater Trenton Area and its impact on the Capital City. Field Guide and Proceedings, XXVII Annual Meeting (2010). Geological Society of New Jersey.

Lacombe, P. Geology and Hydrology of the Crosswicks Creek Tidal Wetlands. Field Trip Guide, Sept. 2011.

NJ State Geology map

Pasternak, G.R. 2009. Hydrogeomorphology and sedimentation in tidal freshwater wetlands. In: Tidal Freshwater Wetlands, pp. 31-40. Eds. A. Barendregt, D.F. Whigham, and A.H Baldwin. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Raymo, C. and M.E. Raymo. 1989. Written in Stone: A Geological History of the Northeastern United States. The Globe Pequot Press, Old Saybrook, Connecticut.

Stanford, S.D.2018. Quaternary Geology of the Lower Delaware Valley, pp. 58-70.IN: T. Macaluso, ed.Water Supply, Hydrology and Hydrodynamics in New Jersey and the Delaware River Basin.2018 Conference Proceedings for the 35^th Annual Meeting of the Geological Association of New Jersey.Annual Field Guide and Proceedings.

Tedrow, J.C.F. 1978. New Jersey Soils. New Jersey Agricultural Experimental Station. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick.

Widmer, K. 1977. Geology of Mercer County in Brief. Bureau of Geology and Topography, P.O. Box 2809, Trenton, New Jersey 08625.

Wolfe, P.E. 1977. The Geology and Landscapes of New Jersey. Crane Russak, New York.

Natural History and Ecology:

Abbott, C.C. 1887. Waste-land Wanderings. Harper & Brothers, New York.

Bryant, T.L. and J.R. Pennock (eds.). 1988. The Delaware Estuary: Rediscovering a Forgotten Resource. University of Delaware Sea Grant College. (196 South College Avenue, Newark, DEL 19716).

Friends for the Marsh / MA Leck. 2011. A View Apart – The Hamilton – Trenton – Bordentown Marsh.
Slide Program and Accompanying Script

Leck, M.A. 2015. Ecological Studies: Abbott Marshlands 1975- 2015.

Leck, M.A., A.H. Baldwin, V.T. Parker, L. Schile, and D.F. Whigham. 2009. Plant communities of tidal freshwater wetlands of continental United States and southeastern Canada . (Chap. 5). In: Barendregt, A., D.F. Whigham, and A.H. Baldwin, (eds), Tidal Freshwater Wetlands. Backhuys Publishers. (Leck et al. 2009)

Leck, M.A. and C.F. Leck. 2005. Vascular plants of a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland and adjacent terrestrial areas: Seed bank and vegetation comparisons of reference and constructed marshes and annotated species list. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 323–354. (Leck Leck 2005)

Leck, M.A. and C.F. Leck. (unpublished). Habitat Types of the Hamilton-Trenton-Bordentown Marsh.

NJN. 2006, Turning the Tide. (Video) NJN, 609-777-0031. For UTube views (also).

Stutz, B. 1992. Natural Lives, Modern Times. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York.

Tiner, R.W., Jr. 1985. Wetlands of New Jersey. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Wetlands Inventory, Newton Corner, MA.

Tuki, A. 2011. I Fell Into a Marsh Once. Available:

Whigham, D.F. and R.L. 1975. Ecological Studies of the Hamilton Marshes. Progress Report for June 1974-January 1975, 185 p. Biology Department, Rider College, Trenton, NJ. (Part I, Part II, Part III)


Aiello, L. 1968. Charles Conrad Abbott, M.D., Discoverer of Ancient Man in the Delaware Valley. Bulletin New Jersey Academy of Science 12(2):3-6.

Anonymous. 1996. Abbott Farm National Historic Landmark. Trenton Complex Archeology. The Cultural Resource Group of Louis Berger & Associates, Inc., East Orange, NJ.

Conant, F.P. 1974. Dorothy Cross Jensen – 1906-1972 (Obituary). American Anthropologist 76: 80-82.

Cross, D. 1956. Archaeology of New Jersey. Volume Two. The Abbott Farm. The Archaeological Society of New Jersey and The New Jersey State Museum, Trenton, New Jersey.

Culber, S. (producer) and M.A. DiLauro. 1995. The Turtle Stone: the Legacy of Abbott Farm. New Jersey Network Film, prepared for the Federal Highway Administration and NJ Department of Transportation, Trenton, NJ. (Video).

Ehrich, R.W. 1973.Dorothy Cross Jensen, 1906-1972. American Antiquity 38 (4 ): 407-411.

Ferguson, E.B. 1997 (paperback). Dorothy Cross. In: J.N. Burstyn, ed., Past and Promise: Lives of New Jersey Women, Women’s Project of New Jersey, pp. 261-262. Syracuse University Press.

Fimbel, D.R. 2004 (summer). Archaeological site looting and the loss to public heritage: A tyranny of small decisions. Bulletin the New Jersey & National Register of Historic Places (NJ DEP): 16-19.

Kraft, H.C. 1993. Dr. Charles Conrad Abbott, New Jersey Pioneer Archaeologicat. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of New Jersey 48:1-12.

Hunter, R.W. 2009. The Abbott Farm National Historic Landmark Interpretive Plan. Cultural Resource Technical Document. Prepared for Mercer County.

New Jersey Historic Sites Staff. 1976. National Registry of Historical Places. Inventory and Nomination Form. Point Breeze.

NJN. 2009. Bonaparte’s Retreat. (Video). NJN, 609-777-0031. [Scroll down to see text and photos].

People Who Live Here. 1998. A Narrative History of Hamilton Township. Mercer County, New Jersey. Historical Society of Hamilton Township, Inc. (Courier Printing Company, Deposit, NY).

Powell, E.A. 2010. Able Was I Ere I Saw….New Jersey? Letter from Bordentown. Archaeology 63: 51-56.

Ross, B. See the marsh from the River Line. Riverline Ride Brochure Text.

Society, B.H. 1977. Bordentown 1682-1979. Bordentown Historical Society, Bordentown, NJ.

Stewart, R.M. 1983. Soils and the Prehistoric Archaeology of the Abbott Farm. North American Archaeologist 4(1):27-50.

Stewart, R.M. 1990. Archaeology, Sedimentary Sequences, and Environmental Change in the Delaware River Basin. In Genetic Stratigraphy, Climate Change, and the Burial of Archaeological Sites Within the Susquehanna, Delaware, and Ohio River Drainage Basins, edited by Frank Vento and Harold Rollins. Report submitted to the Grants Office of the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg.

Stewart, R.M. 1994. Stratigraphic Sequences and Archaeological Sites in the Delaware Valley: Implications for Paleoenvironmental Change in the Middle Atlantic Region. Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of New Jersey 49:99-105.

Stroud, P.T. 2000. The Emperor of Nature – Charles Lucien Bonaparte and His World. Univ. of Pennsylvania Press. Philadelphia.

Stroud, P.T. 2005. The Man Who Had Been King: The American Exile of Napoleon’s Brother Joseph. Univ. of Pennsylvania Press. Philadelphia.

Tantaquidgeon, G. 1977. Folk Medicine of the Delaware and Related Algonkian Indians. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, The Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, PA.

“Turtle Stone” Abbott Farm National Landmark Archaeology. (Video), New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archeology Reports, Lauralee Rappleye. NJDOT-Bureau of Environmental Program Resources. P.O. Box 600. Trenton, NJ 08625-0600. (609-530-2990).

Veit, R. and M.J. Gall. 2011. “ He will be a bourgeois American and spend his fortune in making gardens”: An archaeological examination of Joseph Bonaparte’s Point Breeze estate. In: Historical Archaeology of the Delaware Valley. University of Tennessee Press (forthcoming). Text, Figures

Other Historical Resources:

Information about historical houses and persons may be obtained from local historical societies, libraries, and local and regional histories. This list is not exhaustive and is provided as a starting point for discovery of local history.

Abbott Farm National Historic Landmark (Mercer County)

Bordentown Historical Society

Hamilton Historical Society

Hamilton Library

Isaac Pearson House

Three Beeches (home of Charles Conrad Abbott)
google: abbott + three beeches

Trenton Historical Society

Educational Materials for Teachers:

There are many teaching materials available. Check the websites of scientific and historical organizations; universities (e.g., University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science: Integration & Application Network); watershed associations; government agencies; non-profits including NEW Jersey Audubon Society, National Audubon Society. Please let us know effective and pertinent additions to the short list that follows.

Visual programs:

Friends for the Marsh / M.A. Leck. 2011. A View Apart – The Hamilton – Trenton – Bordentown Marsh.
Slide Program and Accompanying Script

NJN. 2006, Turning the Tide. (Video) NJN.

NJN. 2009. Bonaparte’s Retreat. (Video). NJN,. [Scroll down to see text and photos].

“Turtle Stone” Abbott Farm National Landmark Archaeology. (Video). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Archeology Reports, Lauralee Rappleye. NJDOT-Bureau of Environmental Program Resources. P.O. Box 600. Trenton, NJ 08625-0600. (609-530-2990).

Field trip Guide:

Chorba, B.R. 2011. A Guide for a Late summer to Early Fall Field Trip to the John A. Roebling Memorial Park. For copy, contact:

Nature Study:

Caduto, M.J. 1985. Pond and Brook, A Guide to Nature Study in Freshwater Environments. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Comstock, A.B. 1939 (reprinted 1986). Handbook of Nature Study. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.

Ingram, M. 1993. Bottle Biology. Kendall / Hunt Publishing Co. Dubuque, IO

Kane, P.F., D.A. Rosselet, and K. Anderson. 1992. Bridges to the Natural World. (New Jersey Audubon) Plains Printers, Inc., East Hanover, NJ.

Kellelheim, A.S. and B.E. Slattery. 1995. WOW!: The Wonders of Wetlands. Environmental Concern, Inc. (P.O. Box P, St. Michaels, MD 21663), St. Michaels, MD.

Lewington, R. and D. Streeter. 1993. The Natural History of the Oak Tree. Dorling Kindersley, London.

The Utica Marsh Council, I. 1989. A Marsh for All Seasons, Information and Teachers Guide for Utica Marsh. The Utica Marsh Council, Inc., Utica, NY.

Pertinent books:

Clemants, S. and C. Gracie. 2006. Wildflowers in the Field and Forest: A Guide to the Northeastern United States. Oxford University Presss. NY, NY.

Coe, J. 1994. Eastern Birds. Golden Books, New York.

Gleason, H.A. and Cronquist, A. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY. and Holmgren, N.H. 1998. Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist’s Manual. Garden, Bronx, NY.

Ludlum, D.M. 1983. The New Jersey Weather Book. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ.

Newcomb, L. 1977. Newcomb’s Wildflower Guide. Little, Brown and Company, Boston.

Palmer, E.L. and H.S. Fowler. 1975. Fieldbook of Natural History. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York.

Peterson, R.T. and M. McKenny. 1968. A Field Guide to Wildflowers of Northeastern and Northcentral North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Tiner, R.W. 1998. In Search of Swampland: A Wetland Sourcebook and Field Guide. Rutgers Univ. Press, New Brunswick, NJ.

Wernert, S.J. (ed.). 1991. North American Wildlife. Reader’s Digest, Pleasantville, NY.